The   Information Technology Act, 2000 (IT Act) is a comprehensive legislation in India that addresses various aspects of electronic governance, electronic   commerce, and cybercrime. It was enacted to provide legal recognition and   regulation for electronic transactions, facilitate electronic filing of   documents, and create a legal framework to deal with cybercrimes.

Here are   some key features and provisions of the Indian IT Act:

Legal Recognition of Electronic Transactions: The IT Act provides legal recognition   to electronic records and digital signatures, making them equivalent to their   paper-based counterparts. This facilitates the use of electronic documents   for various purposes, including contracts, filings, and transactions.

Cybercrime  Offenses and Penalties: The IT Act criminalizes various cyber activities and   provides penalties for offenses such as unauthorized access to computers,   data theft, hacking, spreading of viruses, cyberstalking, identity theft, and   online fraud. It establishes legal mechanisms for investigation, prosecution,   and punishment of cybercrimes.

Cyber Appellate Tribunal: The IT Act establishes a Cyber Appellate Tribunal, which   hears appeals against orders issued by the Controller of Certifying   Authorities and adjudicates matters related to cybercrime offenses.

Data Protection and Privacy: The IT Act includes provisions related to data   protection and privacy, although it does not provide a comprehensive   framework like the proposed Personal Data Protection Bill. It requires   reasonable security practices and procedures to be implemented by entities   handling sensitive personal information.

Computer Emergency Response Team (CERT-In): The IT Act establishes the Indian Computer   Emergency Response Team (CERT-In), which serves as the national nodal agency   for responding to cybersecurity incidents and coordinating emergency response   efforts.

Intermediary Liability Protection: The IT Act provides a safe harbor for intermediaries,   such as internet service providers, social media platforms, and online   marketplaces, with respect to user-generated content. It shields   intermediaries from liability for content posted by users, subject to certain   conditions.

Offenses relating to Digital Signatures: The IT Act includes provisions regarding the   use and regulation of digital signatures. It covers offenses such as forgery   of digital signatures, unauthorized access to digital signature certificates,   and falsification of electronic records.


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